Store batteries at temperatures between 5°C and 20°C (41°F and 68°F). Separate new cells from exhausted cells (or keep a record). If practical, store batteries in metal cabinets. Avoid mass storage in non-laboratory areas, such as offices.
Alkaline batteries are easy to store. For best results, keep cells at cool room temperature and at a relative humidity of approximately 50 percent. Do not freeze alkaline batteries or any batteries, as this may change the molecular structure. Li-ion batteries should be kept in well-ventilated areas.
These types of cells don't react well to excessive heat or humidity. Therefore, it is necessary to keep warehouses ventilated by natural or mechanical means to store battery cells safely. Whether they power solar panels, industrial robots, e-cigarettes, or hybrid vehicles, the prevalence of lithium-ion batteries is increasing, as are the incidents of lithium-ion fires. Gel batteries can withstand more intense charging and discharging cycles, so if you need to guarantee power at all times, these are the best options.
With the increasing dependence on lithium-ion batteries, there have been great advances in firefighting equipment for fighting battery fires. These are usually the most sought after batteries for charging solar batteries because they are rechargeable, but they can be expensive, so storing them properly is the best in terms of cost and longevity. Lithium-ion batteries that have been under stress can operate normally, but are more sensitive to mechanical abuse. Choosing dedicated battery storage is a key consideration; however, if your staff isn't properly trained on how to use the storage or handle batteries, hazards can still be created.
The easiest way to reduce hazards in your lithium-ion battery warehouses is to always use a certified charger that is suitable for the battery product you have in your facility. Primary alkaline and lithium batteries can be stored for up to 10 years with moderate capacity loss. Since lithium-ion battery fires produce toxic emissions, it's vital that any fire be resolved as soon as possible. It is the responsibility of each staff member to ensure that all suspicious batteries are removed from the warehouse and are properly charged and disposed of.
While lithium-ion batteries don't usually leak, it's still a good idea to ensure that any electrolyte leaks are contained. To make storing your lithium battery as safe as possible, we've compiled some tips you can take right now. Avoiding overcharging lithium-ion batteries is a simple step you can take to reduce the likelihood of hazards occurring in your stores. Batteries are often exposed to unfavorable temperatures, and leaving a mobile phone or camera on the dashboard of a car or in the blazing sun is an example of this.
Always read the manufacturer's instructions to ensure that you use and store your batteries as safely as possible.